May 17, 2016
Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) today published “The Business of Hacking,” a report assessing the underlying economy driving cybercrime. The research, the company said, delivers analysis of the motivations behind the attacks adversaries choose to pursue, and the ‘value chain’ illegal organizations have established to expand their reach and maximize profits. Based on this insight, the report also provides actionable recommendations for enterprises to mitigate risk through disruption of these adversary groups.
According to HPE, the profile of typical cyber attackers—and the interconnected nature of their underground economy—have evolved dramatically in the last several years.
Today, it added, adversaries are increasingly leveraging sophisticated management principles in the creation and expansion of their operations to ultimately increase their impact and financial profits, which are both core motivations for nearly all attack groups today.
“Organizations that think of cybersecurity as purely another checkbox to mark, often do not leverage the value in high fidelity cybersecurity intelligence,” said Andrzej Kawalec, head of HPE Security Research and chief technology officer, HPE Security Services. “This report gives us a unique perspective on how our adversaries operate and how we can disrupt them at each of their criminal value chain.”
Critical elements to the attackers’ value chain models typically include:
* Human Resources Management – includes recruiting, vetting and paying the supporting ‘staff’ needed to deliver on specific attack requirements; the skills-based training and education of attackers also falls within this category.
* Operations – the ‘management team’ that ensures the smooth flow of information and funds throughout the attack lifecycle; this group will actively seek to reduce costs and maximize ROI at every step.
* Technical Development – the front-line ‘workers’ providing the technical expertise required to perform any given attack, including research, vulnerability exploitation, automation, and more.
* Marketing and Sales – these teams ensure that the attack group’s reputation in the underground marketplace is strong and the illicit products are both known and trusted among the target audience of potential buyers.
* Outbound Logistics – this encompasses both the people and systems responsible for delivering purchased goods to a buyer, be it large batches of stolen credit card data, medical records, intellectual property or otherwise.
“Cybercriminals are highly professional, have robust funding, and are working together to launch concentrated attacks,” said Chris Christiansen, program vice president, security products and services at IDC. “The HPE Business of Hacking Report offers key insight for legitimate organizations to better disrupt adversaries and mitigate risks by understanding how they are operating and maximizing profits.”
HPE recommends a number of approaches for enterprise security professionals to better defend against these organized attackers:
* Reduce the Profits – Limit the financial rewards adversaries can realize from an attack on the enterprise by implementing end-to-end encryption offerings. By encrypting data at rest, in motion and in use, the information is rendered useless to the attackers, restricting their ability to sell and reducing profits.
* Reduce the Target Pool – The expansion of mobile and IoT has dramatically increased the possible attack surface for all enterprises. Organizations must build security into their development processes, and focus on protecting the interactions between data, apps and users regardless of device to better mitigate and disrupt adversary attacks.
* Learn from the Adversaries – New technologies such as ‘deception grids’ provide methods of trapping, monitoring and learning from attackers as they navigate their way through a realistic duplication of the network. Enterprises can use this information to better protect their real network, disrupt similar attacks before they begin, and slow down the progress of attackers.